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Biblical timeline of Ancient Israel

Dates based on 480 years before completion of temple in Jerusalem in 967 BC.




1877 BC

Exodus 12:41

Isaelites enter Egypt and sojourn begins.

1447 BC

1 Kings 6:1

Israelite exodus.

1447-1407 BC

40 years (one generation) of wandering.

1407 BC

Entry into promised land.

1407-? BC


Conquest during life of Joshua.

Days of Judges

The religious center is Shiloh, where the ark resided.

1350-? BC


Period of the judges.

Days of Samuel

The religious centers were Bethel, Mizpah, and Gilgal, which were part of priestly circuit (I Samuel 7:3–17).

?-1007 BC

Saul establishes a monarchy and rules in Gibeah.

Saul's son Jonathan has a victory over the Philistines at Michmash.

1007-1000 BC

1 Kings 2:10

David rules in Hebron.

1000 BC

David takes Jerusalem.

Under king David, the religious center becomes Jerusalem, once David conquered it and Solomon built the temple (I Kings 6).

970 BC

Solomon becomes king of Israel.

967 BC

1 Kings 6:1

Solomon starts construction of temple.

930 BC

1 Kings 12-14

Jeroboam leads coup d'etat at Shechem against cruel king Solomon's even crueller son Rehoboam. This splits the kingdom, with Jeroboam leading the north (retaining the name of Israel, containing 10 tribes) and Rehoboam leading the south (assuming the name Judah, containing the remaining 2 tribes of Judah and Benjamin).