1941 Rashid Ali Revolt
The British were taken by surprise, and had to send a rag-bag force calledHabforceto relieve the cantonment at Habbaniya — this was not a military force in its normal sense, but partly Palestine Police, partly Trans-Jordan Frontier Force (TJFF), and partly Army and RAF volunleers, with a few commandeered lorries and armoured cars. The TJFF was, strictly speaking, not allowed to fight outside the borders of Transjordan, 60 [sic? Perhapssoinstead.] authority had to be sought from London after the start of the campaign. I have read accounts of the RAF defence of Habbaniyah — which had a stock of elderly training planes that had to be adapted in a hurry to carry guns and bombs. The general weakness of the Allied forces — despite their successes against the Iraqirebels— may explain why they hesitated to enter such a city as Baghdad until they had some guarantee of further reinforcements.
The Scribe; Rabbi Walter Rothschild; 9 Primley Garden, Leeds