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Smoqi tribe of Ezidis • عشيرة سموقي اليزيديين

The Simoqi tribe has four clans (chwar baban), the sons of Manda Musa,

— Revi clan (ریڤی), meaning 'fox'.
— Hali Chermka clan (هالی چرمكا), originally named after Ali but pronounced Hali in their dialect. It translates literally as 'Ali skin' which is a folkloric way of referring to a skinny person (e.g. "Jonathan Chermka").
— Wuske clan (ووسكی)
— Mahmoudi clan (محمودی)
— Shemo clan (شمۆ), forcibly converted to Islam in Kalek.

Ahmed Ismail Ahmed is the sheikh of Simoqi tribe in July 2019. He lives sometimes in Germany and sometimes in Sharya. Before ISIS, there were 12,000 families belonging to the Simoqi tribe just in Tel Binat and Gil Zerik. There are currently 22 mukhtars in July 2019.

Sheikh Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Ahmed of Simoqi tribe, in July 2019
— Mukhtar Abbas Mato Uno in Revi clan, in July 2019
— Mukhtar Hajji Salih in Revi clan, in July 2019
— Mukhtar Hamzi Omar in Revi clan, in July 2019
— Mukhtar Said Khudhir in Revi clan, in July 2019
— Mukhtar Said Mulham in Hali Chermka clan, in July 2019
— and 17 more

The Simoqi are traditionally located in Dugure, Tel Binat, Gil Zerek. Now, there a few in Shingal center. There are a small number in Baadre and Shekhan as well, mostly via Saddam's relocation.

The origin of the Simoqi tribe is from Russia, where they were known as Manda Musa (مندا موسا). Their particular area is now in modern-day Armenia, but was under Russian control at thet time. They came to Shingal after Shekh Adi time.

There was a genocide in Russia around 600 years ago from the Russian government (not Muslims or Christians per se) and they went from there to Iran near the border with modern Iraq. The exact place is unknown, but it was a rural location since urban areas were perceived as attracting more threats as minorities. However, there in Iran they were pressured to convert to Islam or be massacred. So in that way, another genocide ultimately pushed them to Kalek. They were in Iran for a total of about eleven to twelve months.

When they arrived to Kalek, there was no bridge there at the time. Kalek was under the authority of Yasin Agha, the Muslim mayor of Kalek (not all Mosul). However, in Kalek one of Manda Mesa's sons was captured as a young child and forced to convert to Islam. His name was Shemo, and now the clan descended from him remains in that area and is called Shemo or ash-Shemo and belongs to the Shamati tribe of Arabs. They were in Kalek for a total of about six months.

This abduction frightened the Simoqi tribe, so after this the Simoqi tribe moved to Rashid village near Mazari Sharaf al-Deen. When the Simoqi tribe arrived to Rashid village, which belonged to the Khalta tribe, the Rashid residents ordered the Simoqi people to leave off their land. They were in Rashid for a total of about eight years.

The area was under the Ottoman control of the Cizre governor, so the Simoqis requested the governor to grant them their own land. The governor granted them a land based at Sima Koq (سما قوك) village near Baray at the modern Syria and Iraq border. The name of the village comes from sumac, as the area was known for having this herb in abundance. From this village, the tribe then took its name Simoqi.

The Simoqi tribe lived in Sima Koq and in Dugure. All four clans are represented in these two villages. However, some struggles and killing within the tribe regarding choosing a new leader forced out some of the Revi clan. This occurred in Hamo Pasha times. These members of the Revi clan went to reside in Tel Binat and Gil Zerik. The animosity was sustained for about thirty years before peace was restored. After peace was restored, some Revi clansmen returned from Tel Binat and Gil Zerik to Dugure. Some opted to stay because they had already built their lives in Tel Binaet and Gil Zerik.

The Simoqi tribe did not have any major fights with Ottomans, Arabs, nor Kurds.


Interview with Mukhtar Abbas on July 2nd, 2019 at his home in Shingal.