This was not a full national census, as it did not include the semi-autonomous Kurdistan Region, and for that reason cannot be listed as a true national census.
Democrat and Chronicle
1997 Oct 18
Census finds most Iraqis live in cities
BAGHDAD — Iraq's first census in 10 years found that 22,017,983 people live in Iraq, 68 percent of them in cities.
Totals from Thursday's head count were announced yesterday. The 1987 census put Iraq's population at 16,287,316.
The Galveston Daily News
1997 Oct 18
Census: 22 million people in country
WHAT HAPPENED: About 22 million people live in Iraq, two-thirds of them in cities, Iraq's first census in 10 years found.
About 150,000 government workers conducted the head count Thursday, fanning out across the country. They were aided by a 4 a.m. to 8 p.m. curfew that left the streets of Baghdad deserted.
BACKGROUND: The last census in 1987 put Iraq's population at 16,287,316.
The initial results of this year's census found that 14,994,208 people, or 68 percent, lived in cities.
The results, announced Friday, put the overall population at 22,017,983.
WHAT'S NEXT: The findings are expected to shed light on the toll taken by Iraq's two latest wars — the Iran-Iraq war and the Persian Gulf War — and by seven years of U.N. economic sanctions.
1997 Oct 17
Iraq takes census count
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) — Nearly 150,000 government officials fanned out across Iraq on Thursday to conduct a national census that may shed light on the toll taken by Iraq's two wars and seven years of crippling U.N. economic sanctions.
The last census put Iraq's population at 16,287,316, but that was in 1987, before the end of the 1980-88 war with Iran and the 1991 Gulf war with a U.S.-led alliance over Iraq's occupation of Kuwait.
No official toll of the first war was ever disclosed, but it is estimated that about 1 million people were killed on both sides.
The 1991 Gulf war toll goes beyond the losses on the war front. Hundreds of thousands of Iraqis fled abroad. In the aftermath of the war, President Saddam Hussein's forces crushed a rebellion by Shiite Muslims, killing thousands.
Also, Iraq claims the U.N. economic sanctions to punish it for invading Kuwait have killed tens of thousands of people, mostly children, due to malnutrition and lack of health care.
No census will be held in the Kurdish region in the north, which was made out of bounds for Saddam's government by Western allies after he crushed a Kurdish rebellion there in 1991.
The Orlando Sentinel
1997 Oct 17
Iraq residents stay home as national census taken
BAGHDAD, Iraq — Iraqis stayed home Thursday as the country, said to have instituted the world's first national population count in 2000 B.C., conducted a census. About 150,000 census-takers fanned out across the country to visit every residence. Traffic was restricted to officials involved in the head count, stores were closed, and police patrolled intersections to ensure no one violated a curfew of 4 a.m. to 9 p.m.
[Another article said until 8 p.m.]
Photo of the census,