Afghanistan • أفغانستان
Nadir Shah Assassinated
Persian ruler Nadir Shah is assassinated at Khabushan.
Ahmed Khan was elected shah, more or less democratically, by a tribal council assembly of Pashtun men. Taking the name Ahmed Shah Durrani, he founded what is known today as Afghanistan and established the Durrani dynasty that was to last, with one brief interruption, until the communist revolution of . Consolidates chieftainships, petty principalities, and fragmented provinces into one country. His rule extended from Mashad in the west to Kashmir and Delhi in the east, and from the Amu Darya (Oxys) river in the north to the Arabian Sea in the south. Except for nine months in , all of Afghanistan's rulers until the coup were from Durrani's Pashtun tribal confederation, and all were members of that tribe's Mohammadzai clan after .
1st Anglo-Afghan War
Resulted in the destruction of a British army and is remembered today as an example of the ferocity of Afghan resistance to foreign rule.
2nd Anglo-Afghan War
Sparked by Amir Sher Ali's refusal to accept a British mission in Kabul. This conflict brought Amir Abdur Rahman to the Afghan throne. During his reign from - , the British and Russians officially established the boundaries of what would become modern Afghanistan. The British retained effective control of Kabul's foreign affairs
Amir Abdur Rahman Khan
British Rule Ends
The war-weary British relinquished their control over Afghan foreign affairs by signing the Treaty of Rawalpindi in August 1919. In commemoration of this event, Afghans celebrate August 19 as their Independence Day.
Habibullah assassinated, possibly by family members opposed to British influence. His third son, Amanullah, regained control of Afghanistan's foreign policy after launching the Third Anglo-Afghan war with an attack on India in the same year.
King Mohammed Nadir Shah
While King Zahir Shah was overseas, his cousin and former Prime Minister Mohammed Daoud Khan (with help from Kabuli communist parties) proclaimed a new Republic of Afghanistan and took the role of head of state.
US-Led NATO Occupation
Culture and ethnicities
Barkley attributed the turnaround to word-of-mouth from the first few customers. Shepard joked that Afghans aresolar-powered,and don't like venturing out into the chilly mornings. Inside one tent, Staff Sgt. Dwaine Hood caught a farmer seeming to steal a handful of medicine from one of the vets' stations. Hood berated the cowering man.It's important for your people to see the government work!he yelled, as a translator calmly recited his words in Dari.
بند امير Band-e Amir
Located in the safest part of افغانستان Afghanistan, the Baba mountains.