Statistics have become one of the first essentials for any rational and scientific planning, not only for economic development but also for all branches of socio-political and economic life. It is from this essential that we acted.
Here we present the first Statistical Handbook, published by the Central Bureau of Statistics, where all available data of economic activities for the last eleven years are consolidated in a way that is beneficial to all.
We hope that the day will come when people appreciate the significance of Statistics, and that it would become a part of our way of thinking.
This small Handbook is only the first step on a long path, the end of which we are determined to reach.
Baghdad, December 1968
Minister of Planning
Dr. Jawad M. Hashim
pp 7 - 10
Up to September 1939, the Central Bureau of Statistics was a part of the Directorate General of Commerce at the Ministry of Economics and Communications.
After this date, some reorganization took place and as a result two Ministries were formed; namely the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of Communications.
The Statistics office was annexed to the Ministry of Economics and was renamed as the Principal Bureau of Statistics. The activities of the Bureau was confined to the Capital (Baghdad) only. Some of the publications of the Bureau were: the Annual Statistical Abstracts, the Monthly Reviews and Bulletins on index numbers.
After the Second World War, the Bureau extended its field of activities to cover other Liwas (Provinces) in Iraq, as well as other fields of social and economic life. In this connection attempts were made to construct a cost of living index, conduct agricultural and industrial censuses. The lack of qualified personnel, however, made such attempts fruitless.
In 1948, the Ministry of Economics invited Mr. John More who stayed in Baghdad for some time during which he studied the conditions in the Principal Bureau of Statistics and its branches in the government departments.
He submitted a detailed report in which he recommended the need for developing and improving the Bureau and its branches. Subsequently, a set of mechanical processing equipment were introduced in 1944, and the necessary staff was trained to operate those machines which consisted of card punches, verifiers, sorters and tabulators.
In 1951 the Ministry fo Economics invited Dr. K. J. Fenelon, an expert Statistician who was the Director of Statistics at the British Ministry of Food, in order to help developing, improving and introducing modern methods of statistics at the Bureau of Statistics.
Dr. Fenelon introduced a programme for staging some important general censuses which were required for the development programme. As a result the Bureau started in 1952 a general agriculture and livestock census. In 1953, an industrial census was carried out and during the years 1955 - 1957, a family budget survey, services, transport, internal distribution, trade and traffic movements censuses were undertaken.
Training programmes for the personnel of the Bureau was extended and officers were sent to India, Britain and the Lebanon.
One of the most valuable contributions of Dr. Fenelon, during his stay, in Iraq, was the estimates of national income in Iraq, 1950-1956.
In 1956, the law regulated the Ministry of Economics was amended and the Bureau was renamed as
the Central Bureau of Statistics. The Central Bureau of Statistics, today, has a complete control and supervision over all divisions of Statistics in all the official and semi-official departments, (except those of the Central Bank and the Ministries of Health and Defence).
After July 1958, the Central Bureau of Statistics started a second agricultural census which was completed successfully due to the provision of sufficient funds and the complete co-operation and enthusiasm inspired by the first months of the July Revolution and the formulation of the Agrarian Reform law which helped a great deal in obtaining accurate and factual data.
In July 1960, the Central Bureau was separated from the Ministry of Economics and attached to the newly established Ministry of Planning.
The Ministry of Planning invited in 1960 the Russian expert, Maniakin in order to prepare the estimates of national income in Iraq up to 1960. He stayed in Iraq for two years during which he made his estimates of the national income for the years 1953 - 1960.
In 1963, the Ministry of Planning invited Dr. Jackson (from the Department of Applied Economics at Cambridge University), for three weeks during which he studied the conditions in the Central Bureau of Statistics and submitted a report recommending the establishment of a national income section together
with other recommendations.
In 1965, the Ministry of Planning signed an agreement with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in which the latter would supply an Expert (Mr. R. S. Koshal) in the field of agricultural statistics. The Planning Board agreed to provide for all the requirements, (i. e. Field equipments, means of transport, numerators etc.), needed for the project. The use of the objective sampling techniques and other up-to-date methods were introduced in agricultural statistics.
The Ministry of Planning has also made use of the UN's expert W. Rasaputram for the purpose of preparing the estimates of national income. Rasaputram stayed in Iraq for two years during which he made his estimates of national income for the years 1962 - 1963.
pp 12 - 16
The Central Bureau of Statistics
1 - General Information
A Brief Geography
Area & Borders of Iraq
Lengths of the Rivers, Areas & Capacity of the Reservoirs & Lakes in Iraq
Dams, Barrages, Regulators & their Dates of Completion
Temperatures, Rainfall & Humidity
Yearly Average Values of Pressure
Local Weights & Measures used in Baghdad, Mosul & Basrah Markets
Metric Measures & Equivalent Weights
British Measures & Equivalent Weights
2 - Population
Population of Iraq & its Increases
Total Population of Iraq for 1934, 1947 & 1957
Population of Iraq According to Residence in Rural & Urban Areas
Population of Iraq Distributed According to Sex & Liwas
The Distribution of Population According to Age Classes & Their Percentages
Iraqis Abroad for 1965
Population of Baghdad According to Sex
3 - Gross National income in Iraq
Value Added of All Economic Sectors (at Current Prices)
Value Added of All Economic Sectors (at Constant Prices)
Expenditure on G.N.P. (at Currrent Market Prices)
Expenditure on G.N.P. (at Constant 1962 Market Prices)
4 - Capital Formation
GDP, GNP & GDFCF (at Current Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Industry Group (at Current Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Industry Group (at Constant Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Type of Assets (at Current Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Type of Assets (at Constant Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Sectors (at Current Prices)
Classification of GDFCF By Sectors (at Constant Prices)
Percentage Contribution of Public & Private Sectors in GDFCF
Investment - Value Added Ratios (Percentages) (at Current Prices)
Investment - Value Added Ratios (Percentages) (at Constant Prices)
5 - Index Numbers
Index No. Of Industrial Production
Consumers' Price Index No. for Unskilled Labourers in Baghdad
Foodstuffs Wholesale Price Index No. in Baghdad Markets
Construction Wholesale Price Index No. In Baghdad Markets
Wholesale Price Index No. In Baghdad
6 - Oil
Quantities of Production & Footage Drilled By Foreign Companies & the Government Sector
Wages Paid to Employees (National & Foreign) of the Oil Companies in Iraq
No. Of Officials & Employees at the Oil Companies in Iraq
Averages of Wages Paid By the Petroleum Companies to All Employees
Components of Value Added for Oil Companies
Average No. Of Establishments & Persons Working in the Extraction & Refining of Oil (Governmental Sectors)
Oil Products Sold in Iraq
7 - Industry
Summary of No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials used in Production & Total Incomes of All Manufacturing Industries in Iraq
No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes of Small & Large Scale Industries
No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes According to Liwas of Iraq
No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes According to Industry Groups
Governmental Industrial Sector
Manufacturing Industries According to Size (No. of Employees)
8 - Agriculture
Production of Principal Crops in Iraq
Principal Summer Crops
Principal Winter Crops
Quantities of Seeds Distributed to Farmers By the Ministry of Agriculture
Tobacco & Tumbak
Animals Slaughtered in the Abattoirs
9 - Agrarian Reform
Area of Land Settlements Completed
Land Sequestration According to Agrarian Reform
Areas of Land Distributed According to Agrarian Reform
Areas of Land Rented & No. Of Farmers Renting Them
Total No. of Agricultural Co-Operative Societies Established in the Areas Subject to Agrarian Reform
Agricultural Machines & Implements owned By the Agrarian Reform
10 - Construction
No. of Private Permits for Buildings
Total No. of Permits for Buildings, Repairs & Estimated Cost & Area
Government & Private Construction, Average No. Of Employees, Wages Paid & Cost of Materials Used
11 - Transport
Summary of the Financial Results of the Railways
Goods Carried By the Iraqi Railways
Passengers Carried By the Iraqi Railways
No. Of Cars, Bicycles, Horse-Drawn Carriages & Wagons in Iraq
Steam-Propelled River Crafts Navigating Between Basrah & No. Of Journeys Made
Revenue & Expenditure of the Directorate-General of Navigation
Actual Revenue & Expenditure of the Port of Basrah
No., G.R.T. & N.R.T. of Vessels Entered the Port of Basrah
Air Traffic at Baghdad & Basrah Airports
Post Telegrams & Telephone Offices, Length of Wires, Wireless & Telegrams
12 - Foreign Trade
Imports, Exports, Transit & Gross National Product
Main Sub-Divisions of Imports & Their Percentages
Imports From Principal Countries & the Rest of the World
Exports to Major Countries & the Rest of the World
13 - Banks, Insurance & Companies
Consolidated Statement of the Central Bank of Iraq
Balances of Loans Extended By Specialized Banks
Consolidated Statement of Commercial Banks
Consolidated Statement of Specialized Banks
No. of Active Insurance Companies in Iraq
Distribution of Total Production According to Insurance Branches for 1965
Claims Paid During 1965 & Their Percentages Over Premiums
Activities of the Iraqi Re-Insurance Company
Limited Stock Companies in Legal Existence By Kinds
Companies of Limited Liabilities Legally in Existence
14 - Services
No. of Persons Receiving Social Insurance Benefits & Amounts Paid Out to Them
Receipts From Sale of Social Security Stamps By Districts
Social Centres of Rural Recreation
Social Centres in Iraq
All Iraq Main Services By Categories
Persons Engaged in Services & Service Industries, Rents, Wages & Incomes
15 - Education
Stages of Educations in Iraq
Stages of Educations in Iraq According to Liwas
Vocational Secondary Schools
No. of Students & Permanent Lecturers at All Colleges & Institutes
No. of Students Accepted at the Colleges & Institutes of Baghdad University
Comparative Statistics of the No. of Students at All Colleges & institutes
Statistical Summary of Students Accepted at Baghdad University According to Geographic & Sex Distribution
Comparative Statistics of Graduates At All Colleges & Institutes According to Sex
16 - Health
No. & Kinds of Hospitals & No. of Beds in Iraq
Medical Professions in Iraq
17 - Government Officials & Employees
No. & Percentages of Officials & Other Staff in the Government & Semi-Government Department & Total Wages, Salaries & Allowances Paid
18 - Public Finance
Iraqi Balance of Payments
The Budgetary Situation of the Iraqi Government
Debts of the Iraqi Government
The Budgets Supplementary to the General Budgets
Expenditure of the Provisional Economic Plan
Expenditure of the Detailed Economic Plan & the Five Years Plans
19 - International Data
Estimated Population of the World
Index Numbers of GDP Excluding the Services of General Governments & of Private Organizations of the World
Index Numbers of GDP By Industrial Origin of Developed & Developing Countries
Balance of Payments of Selected Countries of the World
20 - Tourism
Tourism In Iraq According to Liwas
21 - Other Information
National Days of the World
Iraqi Representations Abroad
Statistical handbook of the Republic of Iraq.
Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). (1968). Statistical Handbook of the Republic of Iraq for the Years 1957-1967. Republic of Iraq. Ministry of Planning. Baghdad.