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1968, Statistical handbook of the Republic of Iraq, 1957 - 1967

pp 5

FOREWORD

Statistics have become one of the first essentials for any rational and scientific planning, not only for economic development but also for all branches of socio-political and economic life. It is from this essential that we acted.

Here we present the first Statistical Handbook, published by the Central Bureau of Statistics, where all available data of economic activities for the last eleven years are consolidated in a way that is beneficial to all.

We hope that the day will come when people appreciate the significance of Statistics, and that it would become a part of our way of thinking.

This small Handbook is only the first step on a long path, the end of which we are determined to reach.

Baghdad, December 1968

[Signature]

Minister of Planning

Dr. Jawad M. Hashim


pp 7 - 10

p 7

Up to September 1939, the Central Bureau of Statistics was a part of the Directorate General of Commerce at the Ministry of Economics and Communications.

After this date, some reorganization took place and as a result two Ministries were formed; namely the Ministry of Economics and the Ministry of Communications.

The Statistics office was annexed to the Ministry of Economics and was renamed as the Principal Bureau of Statistics. The activities of the Bureau was confined to the Capital (Baghdad) only. Some of the publications of the Bureau were: the Annual Statistical Abstracts, the Monthly Reviews and Bulletins on index numbers.

After the Second World War, the Bureau extended its field of activities to cover other Liwas (Provinces) in Iraq, as well as other fields of social and economic life. In this connection attempts were made to construct a cost of living index, conduct agricultural and industrial censuses. The lack of qualified personnel, however, made such attempts fruitless.

In 1948, the Ministry of Economics invited Mr. John More who stayed in Baghdad for some time during which he studied the conditions in the Principal Bureau of Statistics and its branches in the government departments.

p 8

He submitted a detailed report in which he recommended the need for developing and improving the Bureau and its branches. Subsequently, a set of mechanical processing equipment were introduced in 1944, and the necessary staff was trained to operate those machines which consisted of card punches, verifiers, sorters and tabulators.

In 1951 the Ministry fo Economics invited Dr. K. J. Fenelon, an expert Statistician who was the Director of Statistics at the British Ministry of Food, in order to help developing, improving and introducing modern methods of statistics at the Bureau of Statistics.

Dr. Fenelon introduced a programme for staging some important general censuses which were required for the development programme. As a result the Bureau started in 1952 a general agriculture and livestock census. In 1953, an industrial census was carried out and during the years 1955 - 1957, a family budget survey, services, transport, internal distribution, trade and traffic movements censuses were undertaken.

Training programmes for the personnel of the Bureau was extended and officers were sent to India, Britain and the Lebanon.

One of the most valuable contributions of Dr. Fenelon, during his stay, in Iraq, was the estimates of national income in Iraq, 1950-1956.

In 1956, the law regulated the Ministry of Economics was amended and the Bureau was renamed as

p 9

the Central Bureau of Statistics. The Central Bureau of Statistics, today, has a complete control and supervision over all divisions of Statistics in all the official and semi-official departments, (except those of the Central Bank and the Ministries of Health and Defence).

After July 1958, the Central Bureau of Statistics started a second agricultural census which was completed successfully due to the provision of sufficient funds and the complete co-operation and enthusiasm inspired by the first months of the July Revolution and the formulation of the Agrarian Reform law which helped a great deal in obtaining accurate and factual data.

In July 1960, the Central Bureau was separated from the Ministry of Economics and attached to the newly established Ministry of Planning.

The Ministry of Planning invited in 1960 the Russian expert, Maniakin in order to prepare the estimates of national income in Iraq up to 1960. He stayed in Iraq for two years during which he made his estimates of the national income for the years 1953 - 1960.

In 1963, the Ministry of Planning invited Dr. Jackson (from the Department of Applied Economics at Cambridge University), for three weeks during which he studied the conditions in the Central Bureau of Statistics and submitted a report recommending the establishment of a national income section together

p 10

with other recommendations.

In 1965, the Ministry of Planning signed an agreement with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in which the latter would supply an Expert (Mr. R. S. Koshal) in the field of agricultural statistics. The Planning Board agreed to provide for all the requirements, (i. e. Field equipments, means of transport, numerators etc.), needed for the project. The use of the objective sampling techniques and other up-to-date methods were introduced in agricultural statistics.

The Ministry of Planning has also made use of the UN's expert W. Rasaputram for the purpose of preparing the estimates of national income. Rasaputram stayed in Iraq for two years during which he made his estimates of national income for the years 1962 - 1963.


pp 12 - 16

Page

Contents

Table

Link

5

Foreword

6

Preface

7

The Central Bureau of Statistics

11

Abbreviations

Symbols

12

Contents

1 - General Information

17

A Brief Geography

20

Area & Borders of Iraq

1

21

Lengths of the Rivers, Areas & Capacity of the Reservoirs & Lakes in Iraq

2

Dams, Barrages, Regulators & their Dates of Completion

3

22

Temperatures, Rainfall & Humidity

4

Yearly Average Values of Pressure

5

24

Local Weights & Measures used in Baghdad, Mosul & Basrah Markets

Metric Measures & Equivalent Weights

British Measures & Equivalent Weights

2 - Population

27

Population of Iraq & its Increases

6

1957 - 1967, population increases

28

Total Population of Iraq for 1934, 1947 & 1957

7

1934, 1947, 1957, total population of Iraq

Population of Iraq According to Residence in Rural & Urban Areas

8

1947, 1957, 1965, population by rural or urban

30

Population of Iraq Distributed According to Sex & Liwas

9

1947, 1957, 1967, population by sex and liwa

33

The Distribution of Population According to Age Classes & Their Percentages

10

1957, population by age group

34

Iraqis Abroad for 1965

11

1965, Iraqis abroad

35

Population of Baghdad According to Sex

12

1965 - 1967, population of Baghdad

3 - Gross National income in Iraq

38

Value Added of All Economic Sectors (at Current Prices)

13

42

Value Added of All Economic Sectors (at Constant Prices)

14

46

Expenditure on G.N.P. (at Currrent Market Prices)

15

Expenditure on G.N.P. (at Constant 1962 Market Prices)

16

4 - Capital Formation

50

GDP, GNP & GDFCF (at Current Prices)

17

52

Classification of GDFCF By Industry Group (at Current Prices)

18

54

Classification of GDFCF By Industry Group (at Constant Prices)

19

56

Classification of GDFCF By Type of Assets (at Current Prices)

20

58

Classification of GDFCF By Type of Assets (at Constant Prices)

21

59

Classification of GDFCF By Sectors (at Current Prices)

22

60

Classification of GDFCF By Sectors (at Constant Prices)

23

61

Percentage Contribution of Public & Private Sectors in GDFCF

24

62

Investment - Value Added Ratios (Percentages) (at Current Prices)

25

63

Investment - Value Added Ratios (Percentages) (at Constant Prices)

26

5 - Index Numbers

66

Index No. Of Industrial Production

27

Consumers' Price Index No. for Unskilled Labourers in Baghdad

28

67

Foodstuffs Wholesale Price Index No. in Baghdad Markets

29

Construction Wholesale Price Index No. In Baghdad Markets

30

68

Wholesale Price Index No. In Baghdad

31

6 - Oil

72

Quantities of Production & Footage Drilled By Foreign Companies & the Government Sector

32

74

Wages Paid to Employees (National & Foreign) of the Oil Companies in Iraq

33

76

No. Of Officials & Employees at the Oil Companies in Iraq

34

78

Averages of Wages Paid By the Petroleum Companies to All Employees

35

80

Components of Value Added for Oil Companies

36

81

Average No. Of Establishments & Persons Working in the Extraction & Refining of Oil (Governmental Sectors)

37

82

Oil Products Sold in Iraq

38

7 - Industry

84

Summary of No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials used in Production & Total Incomes of All Manufacturing Industries in Iraq

39

86

No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes of Small & Large Scale Industries

40

90

No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes According to Liwas of Iraq

41

98

No. of Employees, No. of Establishments, Wages Paid, Materials Used in Production & Total Incomes According to Industry Groups

42

108

Governmental Industrial Sector

43

110

Manufacturing Industries According to Size (No. of Employees)

44

8 - Agriculture

116

Production of Principal Crops in Iraq

45

118

Principal Summer Crops

46

122

Principal Winter Crops

47

126

Quantities of Seeds Distributed to Farmers By the Ministry of Agriculture

48

127

Tobacco & Tumbak

49

128

Dates Production

50

Animal Statistics

51

130

Animals Slaughtered in the Abattoirs

52

9 - Agrarian Reform

132

Area of Land Settlements Completed

53

134

Land Sequestration According to Agrarian Reform

54

136

Areas of Land Distributed According to Agrarian Reform

55

138

Areas of Land Rented & No. Of Farmers Renting Them

56

139

Total No. of Agricultural Co-Operative Societies Established in the Areas Subject to Agrarian Reform

57

140

Agricultural Machines & Implements owned By the Agrarian Reform

58

10 - Construction

144

No. of Private Permits for Buildings

59

Total No. of Permits for Buildings, Repairs & Estimated Cost & Area

60

146

Government & Private Construction, Average No. Of Employees, Wages Paid & Cost of Materials Used

61

11 - Transport

148

Summary of the Financial Results of the Railways

62

Goods Carried By the Iraqi Railways

63

150

Passengers Carried By the Iraqi Railways

64

150

No. Of Cars, Bicycles, Horse-Drawn Carriages & Wagons in Iraq

65

152

Steam-Propelled River Crafts Navigating Between Basrah & No. Of Journeys Made

66

Revenue & Expenditure of the Directorate-General of Navigation

67

154

Actual Revenue & Expenditure of the Port of Basrah

67b

No., G.R.T. & N.R.T. of Vessels Entered the Port of Basrah

68

156

Air Traffic at Baghdad & Basrah Airports

69

158

Post Telegrams & Telephone Offices, Length of Wires, Wireless & Telegrams

70

12 - Foreign Trade

162

Imports, Exports, Transit & Gross National Product

71

Main Sub-Divisions of Imports & Their Percentages

72

164

Imports From Principal Countries & the Rest of the World

73

1957 - 1967, imports and exports by country, value

166

Exports to Major Countries & the Rest of the World

74

1957 - 1967, imports and exports by country, value

13 - Banks, Insurance & Companies

170

Consolidated Statement of the Central Bank of Iraq

75

172

Balances of Loans Extended By Specialized Banks

76

174

Consolidated Statement of Commercial Banks

77

176

Consolidated Statement of Specialized Banks

78

178

No. of Active Insurance Companies in Iraq

79

179

Distribution of Total Production According to Insurance Branches for 1965

80

Claims Paid During 1965 & Their Percentages Over Premiums

81

180

Activities of the Iraqi Re-Insurance Company

82

182

Limited Stock Companies in Legal Existence By Kinds

83

183

Companies of Limited Liabilities Legally in Existence

84

14 - Services

186

No. of Persons Receiving Social Insurance Benefits & Amounts Paid Out to Them

85

188

Receipts From Sale of Social Security Stamps By Districts

86

189

Social Centres of Rural Recreation

87

190

Social Centres in Iraq

88

192

All Iraq Main Services By Categories

89

194

Persons Engaged in Services & Service Industries, Rents, Wages & Incomes

90

15 - Education

198

Stages of Educations in Iraq

91

202

Stages of Educations in Iraq According to Liwas

92

1965-1967, schools, pupils, and teachers in Iraq

206

Vocational Secondary Schools

93

208

No. of Students & Permanent Lecturers at All Colleges & Institutes

94

210

No. of Students Accepted at the Colleges & Institutes of Baghdad University

95

1963 - 1966, enrollment by college

214

Comparative Statistics of the No. of Students at All Colleges & institutes

96

215

Statistical Summary of Students Accepted at Baghdad University According to Geographic & Sex Distribution

97

216

Comparative Statistics of Graduates At All Colleges & Institutes According to Sex

98

16 - Health

220

No. & Kinds of Hospitals & No. of Beds in Iraq

99

222

Medical Professions in Iraq

100

17 - Government Officials & Employees

225

No. & Percentages of Officials & Other Staff in the Government & Semi-Government Department & Total Wages, Salaries & Allowances Paid

101

1962 - 1965, employees by count, wages, and salaries

18 - Public Finance

228

Iraqi Balance of Payments

102

230

The Budgetary Situation of the Iraqi Government

103

231

Debts of the Iraqi Government

104

232

The Budgets Supplementary to the General Budgets

105

234

Expenditure of the Provisional Economic Plan

106

235

Expenditure of the Detailed Economic Plan & the Five Years Plans

107

19 - International Data

??????

Estimated Population of the World

108

?????

Index Numbers of GDP Excluding the Services of General Governments & of Private Organizations of the World

109

240

Index Numbers of GDP By Industrial Origin of Developed & Developing Countries

110

242

Balance of Payments of Selected Countries of the World

111

20 - Tourism

249

Tourism In Iraq According to Liwas

Resorts and Regions of Tourism According to Liwas of Iraq

21 - Other Information

252

National Days of the World

255

Time Abroad

256

Iraqi Representations Abroad





Endnotes

Statistical handbook of the Republic of Iraq.

https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/102619680

https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/010566286


APA citation,

Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). (1968). Statistical Handbook of the Republic of Iraq for the Years 1957-1967. Republic of Iraq. Ministry of Planning. Baghdad.