Bijeel • بجیل • بجيل • Bicîl
Also known as Surchi subdistrict, the center is Bijeel town. It lies to east of the territory center and joins to the territory by a paved road, it lies on the southern foot of Sada mountain in a valley full of farms, fruit trees and a flowing water fall.
The people depend on agriculture to earn their living especially non-irrigated crops because its lands are considered to be an extension to (Nafkor- Murage) plains with fertility and abundance in production. The lands are distinguished of having crescent hills and wavy areas. In plain areas, winter crops are grown like wheat, barley, chick-peas and lentils beside summer crops like rice with high quality called (Shash Mah). In some villages, fruit trees are grown like figs, peaches, pears, apples, pomegranates and others. The people get benefit from the water of spread springs in the villages for their agriculture in addition to the Brishow tributary which flows from the lands of Nahla district and passes in the middle of the district lands to the great (Zab) river beside the water of the great (Zab) river which forms the eastern border for the district. Beside the agriculture, the people are interested in breeding the cattle which are regarded to be an important source for their living, the most important mountain in the district is (Sada) which forms the northern border for the district.
Duhok Archaeology Office listed (27) archaeological locations like Qalada castle which was mentioned in (Sharfnama) by this name and it was inhabited by the Kurds and of strategic importance in the reign of Badinan Emirate.
The district contains (44) villages. After the formation of Region Government, the district witnessed an important development, the strategic road from Duhok to Erbil passes in the middle of the district, (Qandil bridge) was built on the great (Zab) river. The hands of building and reconstruction reached the villages and Bekhma and Bey villages were reconstructed once again.